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PLOS ONE: The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009

Informe sobre el desarrollo de las publicaciones científicas de acceso libre publicadas desde 1993 hasta 2009.

Open Access (OA) is a model for publishing scholarly peer reviewed journals, made possible by the Internet. The full text of OA journals and articles can be freely read, as the publishing is funded through means other than subscriptions. Empirical research concerning the quantitative development of OA publishing has so far consisted of scattered individual studies providing brief snapshots, using varying methods and data sources.

This study adopts a systematic method for studying the development of OA journals from their beginnings in the early 1990s until 2009. Because no comprehensive index of OA articles exists, systematic manual data collection from journal web sites was conducted based on journal-level data extracted from the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). Due to the high number of journals registered in the DOAJ, almost 5000 at the time of the study, stratified random sampling was used. A separate sample of verified early pioneer OA journals was also studied.

The results show a very rapid growth of OA publishing during the period 1993–2009. During the last year an estimated 191 000 articles were published in 4769 journals. Since the year 2000, the average annual growth rate has been 18% for the number of journals and 30% for the number of articles. This can be contrasted to the reported 3,5% yearly volume increase in journal publishing in general. In 2009 the share of articles in OA journals, of all peer reviewed journal articles, reached 7,7%. Overall, the results document a rapid growth in OA journal publishing over the last fifteen years. Based on the sampling results and qualitative data a division into three distinct periods is suggested: The Pioneering years (1993–1999), the Innovation years (2000–2004), and the Consolidation years (2005–2009).

Citation: Laakso M, Welling P, Bukvova H, Nyman L, Björk B-C, et al. (2011) The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20961. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020961

Editor: Marcelo Hermes-Lima, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil

Received: February 9, 2011; Accepted: May 16, 2011; Published: June 13, 2011

Copyright: © 2011 Laakso et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funding: These authors have no support or funding to report.

Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

* E-mail: mikael.laakso@hanken.fi

 

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Published on 16.1.2013 by Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

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La primavera académica. Joaquín Rodríguez

En este artículo publicado por Joaquín Rodríguez en el espacio digital Madrimasd, se reflexiona sobre los modos de edición digital y como esta posibilidad influye en el actual mercado editorial científico. Además de la reflexión se incopora un Manual de Buenas Prácticas para la edición digital de contenidos científicos. El artículo comienza así:

"En realidad, la primavera académica comenzó alrededor de 1980, cuando Tim Berners Lee propuso su modelo de comunicación hipertextual entre la comunidad de físicos de altas energías. Los frutos de aquel descubrimiento han tardado incluso más de lo previsto, porque desde aquella fecha los científicos recuperaban el control pleno sobre los medios y los modos de producción, circulación, comunicación y certificación de los contenidos que ellos mismos creaban. Lo demás es cuento y ganas de perder el tiempo: pronto se vio que la la edición científica era la locomotora digital de la revolución en curso, que las revisas y cabeceras que iban ganando independencia respecto a las sujeciones editoriales era cada vez mayor. Hoy en día, la relación de revistas del DOAJ alcanza casi las 7500 revistas, y el incremento de las cabeceras que publican en abierto bajo algún regimen de licencia Creative Commons o similares, ha crecido exponencialmente, tal como puede leerse en The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009:

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Shared on 16.1.2013 by Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González